Vital Information on Culturing South Sea Pearls

South Sea pearls are gems coming from the South Pacific. They offer a look of elegant glamour and warmth for those who wear jewelry made with them.


 These stunning south sea pearls have been treasured for many centuries, and are the statement of luxury. These are:

  • Large
  • Creamy white or golden
  • Cultured in the South Pacific
  • Opulent
  • Used in strands & pearl jewelry


The natural south sea pearls were found by explorers for centuries – in fact in the 19th century oysters that produce these pearls were nearing extinction. Individuals began culturing Akoya pearls in Japan, and also started culturing south sea pearls in the southern Pacific. They finally found commercial success in the 1950s.


Oyster used

These pearls are cultured by using a white-lipped, very large oyster, hand-picked from the warm waters of this southern part of the Pacific. The oysters used are double the size of the oyster used for the Akoya pearl so they yield pearls that are much larger.


These pearls are cultured in:

  • Australia
  • Philippines
  • Indonesia
  • Myanmar
  • Japan
  • Thailand

To farm these pearls, one bead that is round is injected into the tissue of one of the large pearl oysters and the reaction is begun. This reaction causes the oyster to produce nacre which is the coating pearls are created from.


The more time the oysters spend in the water, the more coats of nacre surround the pearl. A south sea pearl will usually need 2 to 3 years to develop. The oyster can in the course of its life produce up to 4 pearls.


These pearls emerge from culturing with surfaces that can be:

  • White
  • Blue-white
  • Pink
  • Cream
  • Light yellow
  • Deep gold

These south sea pearls are lustrous and beautiful;can yield a glorious glow turning heads everywhere as well as giving women who wear them a healthy look. But because they are farmed in warmer waters, they do not have exactly the ‘reflective sheen’ of the Akoya cultured pearls.